Many countries have launched their national strategy documents on Artificial Intelligence (AI) in recent years. In the last five years alone, more than 60 did so, following Canada which was the first to release its document in 2017. 
Over the past few years, we’ve been tracking the emergence of Global AI Policy, as governments come to grips with the impact and opportunities of advanced technology. Our mission is to power decisions that matter. The emerging AI policy landscape is a major driver defining future global competitiveness, but also profoundly shaping the future of humanity.
Our Global AI Strategy Landscape maps 20 national artificial intelligence strategies.

20 National AI Strategies


Argentina National Plan of Artificial Intelligence

The Argentinian Secretary of Government of Science and Technology is drafting the “National Plan of Artificial Intelligence” and falls under the Innovative Argentina 2030 Plan and the 2030 Digital Agenda.

Argentina is also in the process of establishing a national AI Innovation Hub.


Australia AI Roadmap

AI Roadmap released Nov 2019 focused on technological specialisation in health, infrastructure and natural resources. Plan to develop an additional 161,000 AI specialist workers by 2030. AI assessed to be worth $315 billion to Australia’s economy by 2028.


Brazil Consultation Period

The Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications (MCTIC) of Brazil has launched a public consultation to define a national strategy for artificial intelligence (AI) which ended on January 31, 2020. The national AI strategy is envisioned to focus on several main themes: qualifications for a digital future; workforce; research, development, innovation, and entrepreneurship; government application of AI; and AI application in the productive sector and public safety.

The Brazilian government has also recently announced it will create a network of eight research facilities focused on artificial intelligence (AI).


Canada Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy

Canada was the first country to release a national AI strategy. The Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy announced in the 2017 federal budget, is a five-year, C$125 million plan to invest in AI research and talent. The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research leads the strategy in close partnership with the Canadian government and the three new AI Institutes: the Alberta Machine Intelligence Institute (AMII) in Edmonton, the Vector Institute in Toronto, and MILA in Montreal.


China New Generation of Artificial Intelligence Development Plan

China announced its ambition to lead the world in AI in its July 2017 development plan, A Next Generation Artificial Intelligence. The plan is the most comprehensive of all national AI strategies, with initiatives and goals for R&D, industrialization, talent development, education and skills acquisition, standard setting and regulations, ethical norms, and security.

By 2030, the government aims to cultivate an AI industry worth 1 trillion RMB, with related industries worth 10 trillion RMB. In addition, the government has also partnered with national tech companies to develop research and industrial leadership in specific fields of AI and will build a $2.1 billion technology park for AI research in Beijing.


European Union Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence

The 2021 Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence, published in April of that year, builds on the collaboration established between the Commission and Member States during the 2018 Coordinated Plan.

It sets out the strategy to: 

accelerate investments in AI technologies to drive resilient economic and social recovery aided by the uptake of new digital solutions;act on AI strategies and programmes by fully and timely implementing them to ensure that the EU fully benefits from first-mover adopter advantages;align AI policy to remove fragmentation and address global challenges.


France AI for Humanity

France announced a €1.5 billion plan in 2018 to transform France into a global leader in AI. The plan draws heavily from the report, ‘For a Meaningful Artificial Intelligence: Towards a French and European Strategy’, in which Cédric Villani, France’s famed mathematician and Deputy for the Essonne, and the other members of the “Villani Mission” outlined a number of policies and initiatives for the government to consider.

The plan consists of four components: a network of five research institutes. an open data policy, a regulatory and financial framework and ethical regulations.



On November 15, 2018, the German Government adopted a national AI strategy and earmarked €3 billion for investment in AI research and development. The strategy is based on the Federal Cabinet’s Key Points for a Strategy on Artificial Intelligence, and was developed by the Economic Affairs Ministry, the Research Ministry, and the Labour Ministry.


India Social Inclusion and AI Garage

India’s National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence focuses on using technologies to ensure social growth, inclusion and positioning the country as a leader in AI on the global platform. Strategically, the government also seeks to establish India as an “AI Garage,” incubating AI that can be applicable to the rest of the developing world.
NITI Aayog, the government think tank that wrote the report, calls this approach #AIforAll. The strategy, as a result, aims to (1) enhance and empower Indians with the skills to find quality jobs; (2) invest in research and sectors that can maximize economic growth and social impact; and (3) scale Indian-made AI solutions to the rest of the developing world.


Indonesia Strategi Nasional Kecerdasan Artifisial Indonesia

The Indonesian government intends to announce a national strategy to develop artificial intelligence (AI) in 2020.

Separately, the Indonesia Artificial Intelligence Society (IAIS) inaugurated its establishment under the Smart Indonesia Initiative Association in October 2019. The IAIS was established with two main missions: to create an artificial intelligence (“AI”) roadmap for the country, and “to develop the competency of local AI and technological leadership with a focus on academic, business, and government.”


Italy Strategic Program on Artificial Intelligence

Italian Government Jointly developed by the The Ministry of Education, University and Research, the Ministry of Economic Development, and the Minister of Technological Innovation and Digital Transition.

For the three-year period 2022-2024, this Strategic Programme indicates:

6 objectives: the goals of the Italian strategy, 11 priority sectors: where Italy intends to focus investments, 3 areas of intervention: how the country aims to achieve the stated objectives.


Japan Society 5.0

Japan was the second country to develop a national AI strategy, after Canada. Society 5.0 was released in 2017 to create sustainable solutions for better human life in Japan. Japan’s AI policy, the Artificial Intelligence Technology Strategy, was announced in March 2017. The March 2017 Artificial Intelligence Technology Strategy.

In June 2018, the Japanese government announced that artificial intelligence would also become an official part of its “integrated innovation strategy.” The government hopes to “dramatically increase” young researchers in the AI field, in part by providing funds to priority fields. Another element of the strategy is to unify data formats and standards throughout various industries to enhance the ability to utilize big data techniques in Japan.



In June 2018, the government of Mexico published the report Towards an AI Strategy in Mexico: Harnessing the AI Revolution, serves as a foundation for building full AI strategy.



On 10 October 2019, Russia published its National Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence by 2030. The goals of the strategy are to ensure the growth of welfare and quality of life, ensure national security and law and order, achieve sustainable competitiveness of the economy, including leading positions in the world in the field of AI.

The strategy outlines development and use of AI across sector, including education, healthcare, and government services.


Saudi Arabia Vision 2030

King Salman issued a royal decree to establish an artificial intelligence (AI) center to enhance the drive toward innovation and digital transformation in Saudi Arabia in Sep 2019. The establishment of the center aligns with the Kingdom’s Vision 2030 program. The Government of Saudi Arabia is now drafting a national AI strategy that aims to build an innovative and ethical AI ecosystem in the country by 2030.


South Africa

South Africa does not have a specific AI strategy, however the “Intsimbi Future Production Technologies Initiative” launched in 2018 with the aim of advancing South Africa’s manufacturing sector does consider AI. The Intsimbi model aims to address the Digital Industrial Revolution or IR 4.0 and the challenge in technologies such as robotics and AI, nanotechnologies and quantum computing.

Appendix is the blueprint by smart Africa about Artificial Intelligence for Africa in 2021.


South Korea

Korea has launched a five-year strategy with associated R&D investment funding totaling KRW 2.2 trillion (EUR 1.7 billion) in order to position itself as a leader in AI. The strategy has three objectives, securing AI talent, such through establishing training programs and AI graduate schools, developing AI technology, such as through funding major projects in health, public safety, and defense, investing in infrastructure, such as through creating AI semiconductors to enable things like autonomous vehicles.


Turkey National Artificial Intelligence Strategy

The National Artificial Intelligence Strategy (NAIS) was prepared in line with the Eleventh Development Plan and the Presidential Annual Program for 2021. The Strategy determines the measures that will put our country's efforts in the domain of artificial intelligence (AI) on a common ground between the years 2021-2025 and the governance mechanism that will be established to implement these measures.


United Kingdom National Artificial Intelligence Strategy

Ahead of the AI Sector Deal launch, the UK’s House of Lords’ Select Committee on AI published a, AI in the UK: ready, willing, and able? The report concluded a ten-month inquiry to examining the economic, ethical, and social implications of advances in AI and outlines a number of recommendations including calls to review the potential monopolization of data by technology companies, incentivize the development of new approaches to the auditing of datasets, and create a growth fund for UK SMEs working with AI. Major announcements also included over £950 million in funding, the expansion of the Alan Turing Institute, the creation of Turing Fellowships, and the launch of the Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation.


USA The National Artificial Intelligence R&D Strategic Plan

In February 2019, the United States launched the American AI Initiative, in the form of an executive order. This “whole-of-government strategy” aims at focusing federal government resources for investing in AI research, unleashing AI resources, setting AI governance standards, building the AI workforce and protecting the US AI advantage.

This plan (updated 2023) defines the major research challenges in AI to coordinate and focus federal R&D investments. It will ensure continued U.S. leadership in the development and use of trustworthy AI systems, prepare the current and future U.S. workforce for the integration of AI systems across all sectors, and coordinate ongoing AI activities across all federal agencies.

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